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First Name  Last Name  Dates  Nationality  Known For 

Abraham  De Moivre  26 May 1667 – November 27, 1754  French  De Moivre's formula, Theorem of de Moivre–Laplace 
Ada  Lovelace  10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852  English  Analytical Engine 
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al  Khwarizmi  c. 780 – c. 850 AD  Iranian  Treatises on Algebra and Indian Numerals 
Alan  Turing  23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954  British  Cryptanalysis of the Enigma, Turing machine, Turing test 
Albert  Einstein  14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955  German  General Relativity and Special Relativity 
Albertus  Magnus  before 1200 – November 15, 1280  German  
Alexander  Grothendieck  28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014  Germanborn French  Algebraic Geometry 
Alfred North  Whitehead  15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947  English  Principia Mathematica 
Andrew  Wiles  11th April 1953   British  Proving Fermat's Last Theorem 
Archimedes  c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC  Greek  Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes' Screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals 

Aristotle  c. 384 – c. 322 BC  Greek  Golden Mean, Aristotelian Logic, Syllogism, Hexis, Hylomorphism, Theory of the soul  
Arthur  Cayley  16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895  British  Algebraic Geometry, Group Theory, Cayley–Hamilton Theorem, Cayley–Dickson Construction 
Aryabhata  c. 476 – c. 550 CE  Indian  Explanation of Lunar Eclipse and Solar Eclipse, Rotation of Earth on its Axis  
AugustinLouis  Cauchy  21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857  French  Pioneer of Analysis 
Augustus  De Morgan  27 June 1806 – 18 March 1871  British  De Morgan's Laws, De Morgan Algebra, Relation Algebra, Universal Algebra 
Benjamin  Banneker  November 9, 1731 – October 9, 1806  American  
Bernhard  Riemann  September 17, 1826 – July 20, 1866  German  Contributions to Analysis, Number Theory, Differential Geometry 
Bertrand  Russell  18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970  British  Multiple Things 
Blaise  Pascal  19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662  French  Pascal's Wager, Pascal's Triangle, Pascal's Law, Pascal's Theorem 
Brahmagupta  c. 598–c.670 AD  Indian  Zero, Modern Number System  
Brook  Taylor  18 August 1685 – 29 December 1731  English  Taylor's Theorem 
Carl Friedrich  Gauss  30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855  German  Multiple Things 
Charles  Babbage  26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871  English  Father of Computer 
Daniel  Bernoulli  8 February 1700 – 17 March 1782  Swiss  Bernoulli's Principle 
David  Hilbert  23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943  German  Hilbert's Basis Theorem, Hilbert's Axioms, Hilbert's Problems, Hilbert's Program, Einstein–Hilbert Action, Hilbert Space 
Democritus  c. 460 – c. 370 BC  Ancient Greek  
Diophantus  c. 250 – c. 350 AD  Greek  Arithmetica  
Edmund  Halley  8 November 1656 – 14 January 1742  English  Halley's Comet 
Edward  Lorenz  23 May 1917 – 16 April 2008  American  Chaos Theory, Lorenz Attractor, Butterfly Effect 
Edward  Witten  26th Aug 1951  American  String Theory, MTheory, Quantum Gravity, Quantum Field Theory, Supersymmetry 
Emanuel  Lasker  December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941  German  Mathematical Analysis of Card Games 
Eratosthenes  c. 276 BC – c. 194 BC  Greek  First Person to Calculate the Circumference of the Earth  
Euclid  Mid4th century BC – Mid3rd century BC  Greek  Euclidean Geometry, Euclid's Elements, Euclidean Algorithm  
Évariste  Galois  25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832  French  Work on the Theory of Equations and Abelian Integrals 
Felix  Klein  25 April 1849 – 22 June 1925  German  Works in Group Theory, Complex Analysis, NonEuclidean Geometry 
Filippo  Brunelleschi  c. 1377 – April 15, 1446  Italian  Dome of Santa Maria del Fiore 
G.H.  Hardy  February 1877 – 1 December 1947  English  HardyWeinberg Principle, Hardy–Ramanujan Asymptotic Formula 
Gaspard  Monge  9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818  French  Descriptive Geometry 
Georg  Cantor  March 3, 1845 – January 6, 1918  German  Set Theory 
George  Boole  2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864  English  Boolean Algebra 
Giuseppe  Peano  27 August 1858 – 20 April 1932  Italian  Peano Axioms, Peano Curve, Peano Existence Theorem, Formulario Mathematico, Latino Sine Flexione 
Gottfried  Leibniz  July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716  German  Calculus, Monads, Best of all Possible Worlds, Leibniz Formula for π, Leibniz Harmonic Triangle 
Gottlob  Frege  8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925  German  Principle of Compositionality, Quantification Theory, Predicate Calculus 
Grace Murray  Hopper  December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992  American  Invented First Compiler 
Grigori  Perelman  24271  Russian  Riemannian Geometry, Geometric Topology, Proof of the Poincaré Conjecture 
Henri  Poincaré  29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912  French  Poincaré Conjecture 
Heron Of Alexandria  c. 10 – c. 70 AD  Greek  Aeolipile  
Hipparchus  c. 190 – c. 120 BC  Greek  Founder of Trigonometry  
Isaac  Newton  4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727  English  Principia, Calculus 
Jacob  Bernoulli  6 January 1655 – 16 August 1705  Swiss  Bernoulli Differential Equation, Bernoulli Numbers, Bernoulli's Formula 
Johann  Bernoulli  6 August 1667 – 1 January 1748  Swiss  Development of Infinitesimal Calculus, Catenary Solution, Bernoulli's Rule, Bernoulli's Identity 
John  Napier  c. 1550 – 4 April 1617  Scottish  Logarithms, Napier's Bones, Decimal Notation 
John  Nash  10392  American  Nash Equilibrium, Nash Embedding Theorem, Nash Functions, Nash–Moser Theorem 
John  Venn  4 August 1834 – 4 April 1923  English  Venn Diagram 
John  Von Neumann  December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957  Hungarian, American  Principal Member of the Manhattan Project 
John  Wallis  23 November 1616 – 28 October 1703  English  Wallis Product, Inventing the Symbol ∞ 
Joseph  Fourier  21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830  French  Fourier Series, Fourier Transform, Fourier's Law of Conduction 
Joseph Louis  Lagrange  25 January 1736 – 10 April 1813  Italian  Analytical Mechanics, Celestial Mechanics, Mathematical Analysis, Number Theory 
Julia  Robinson  December 8, 1919 – July 30, 1985  American  Diophantine Equations, Decidability 
Kurt  Gödel  April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978  Austrian, American  Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems, Gödel's Completeness Theorem, 
Leonhard  Euler  15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783  Swiss  Euler's Function, Euler's Equation, and Euler's Formula 
Liu  Hui  c. 225 AD – c. 295 AD  Chinese  The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art 
Luca  Pacioli  c. 1447 – c. 1517  Italian  Summa de Arithmetica, De Divina Proportione 
Madhava  c. 1340 – c. 1425  Indian  Discovery of power series expansions of trigonometric sine, cosine and arctangent functions  
Maurits  Escher  17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972  Dutch  Drawing, Printmaking 
Niels Henrik  Abel  5 August 1802 – 6 April 1829  Norwegian  Abel's Binomial Theorem, Abelian Category, Abelian Variety 
Omar  Khayyam  18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131  Persian  Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra 
Paul  Cohen  April 2, 1934 – March 23, 2007  American  Cohen Forcing, Continuum Hypothesis 
Pierre  De Fermat  17 August 1601 – 12 January 1665  French  Number Theory, Analytic Geometry, Fermat's Principle, Probability, Fermat's Last Theorem 
PierreSimon  Laplace  23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827  French  Laplace's Equation & Tranforms 
Plato  c. 424/423 – c. 348/347 BC  Greek  
Ptolemy  c. 90 – c. 168 AD  GrecoEgyptian  Publishing The Amalgest  
Pythagoras  c. 570 – c. 495 BC  Ionian Greek  Pythagorean Theorem  
René  Descartes  31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650  French  Analytical Geometry 
Sophie  Germain  1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831  French  Elasticity Theory, Differential Geometry, Number Theory 
Srinivasa  Ramanujan  22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920  Indian  Landau–Ramanujan Constant 
Thales  c. 624 – c. 546 BC  Greek  Thales' Theorem  
William Rowan  Hamilton  4 August 1805 – 2 September 1865  Irish  Hamiltonian Mechanics 