Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions

It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times.

1. Aryabhata

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365. More on Aryabhata.

2. Brahmagupta

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”. More on Brahmagupta.

3. Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.
More on Ramanujan.

4. P.C. Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the founder of Indian Statistical Institute as well as the National Sample Surveys for which he gained international recognition.

5. C.R. Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”.

6. D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kaprekar discovered several results in number theory, including a class of numbers and a constant named after him. Without any formal mathematical education he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics cricle.

7. Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra is famously known for infinite dimensional group representation theory.

8. Satyendranath Bose

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.

9. Bhāskara

Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

10. Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar is known for his Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an highly cited researcher by Institute for Scientific Information.

86 thoughts on “Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions

  • March 30, 2018 at 8:30 pm

    Something is hidden in everyone.the best examples are what you gave.I am very proud to say about them and my country.

  • March 5, 2018 at 12:39 am

    This is a very helpful page. The contributions are written in simple english which help me very much.

    • February 26, 2018 at 12:17 pm

      Thank you for this suggestion, we are working on it.

  • January 14, 2018 at 5:24 am

    I also wants to became a mathematicians and am always inspired from those famous Indian mathematicians….Thanks for giving information about those top 10 Indian mathematicians…..????

  • December 29, 2017 at 1:25 am

    i hate mathematics but i am interested in know more about these persons.

  • December 21, 2017 at 12:00 am

    Mathematics is a cryptic world far beyond our imagination….. But it is actually not impossible to reach these horizons…… S Ramanujan and many other mathematicians has just proved it.. I salute them

  • October 14, 2017 at 10:44 am

    satyendranath bose – i salute him for his contribution .

  • August 28, 2017 at 9:13 am

    thank you for giving information about the 10 indian mathematician this helped me so much to complete my project work

  • June 28, 2017 at 12:44 pm

    One of the best mathematician Mr.Ramanujam. I Like Mathe and Ramanujam

  • June 19, 2017 at 4:23 pm

    Ss Kumar says : thanks all Indian mathematicians that from your discovered about mathematics I feel proud that I am Indian. I have to made himself a great mathematicians . I shall spend my whole life & injoy on maths.

  • May 27, 2017 at 3:38 pm

    wow……… it was amazing and it helped me a lot in completing my homework and i knew more about the contribution of the Indians in the world and also in mathematics and i had a nice time reading this page …

  • May 30, 2016 at 10:35 am

    i have one doubt who first framed the set of rules for dealing with negative numbers

  • May 16, 2016 at 7:53 am


  • May 5, 2016 at 7:02 am

    i think that Srinivasa ramanujan is also one of the top most indian mathematician

  • May 2, 2016 at 12:08 pm

    Impressive work done by the mathematicians .but top is ramanujan

  • February 19, 2016 at 1:50 am

    this list is very usefull but add some todays mathmatician

  • February 16, 2016 at 10:03 am

    I think this list should be even more perfect when shakuntala devi’s name is added in it . Except this thing the list is perfect

  • February 4, 2016 at 10:24 am

    thanks for giving such better information about indian mathematicians

  • January 7, 2016 at 12:59 am

    I am very glad to known I was born a land where many mathematicians born.

  • December 20, 2015 at 7:44 am

    i am very proud of our ancient mathematician heroes. they inspire us so much to learn and enjoy the subject. my heartiest pranams to all those geniuses…….

  • November 3, 2015 at 2:42 pm

    Where is the great Varahamihira????? this list is meaningless without him!

  • October 11, 2015 at 10:31 am

    I thought that Aryabhata invented the number zero ( 0 )

  • May 20, 2015 at 1:46 am

    I think Harish Chandra is also one of the top Indian mathematician.

  • April 30, 2015 at 5:27 am

    This is very helpful to me in my project
    Iam proud to be an Indian☺

  • February 5, 2015 at 5:35 am

    I think sakunthaladevi is also one of the top most indian mathematician

  • February 5, 2015 at 5:32 am

    thank u for giving information about the top 10 indian mathematicians

  • December 19, 2014 at 12:28 pm

    I think this list should be even more perfect when shakuntala devi’s name is added in it . Except this thing the list is perfect .

  • December 18, 2014 at 4:28 am

    Information about maths and mathematicans is great one and their work also praiseful l am pleased for their contribution

  • December 17, 2014 at 4:13 pm

    I accept that Shakuntala Devi has not Contributed any thing for the betterment of Mathematics but, she is considered as the human computer and her inspiring books will very well build the foundation of many other budding mathematicians!!!!

  • December 16, 2014 at 2:15 pm

    gud website but more details should be given for bhaskara II
    otherwise a brilliant page

  • December 16, 2014 at 11:23 am

    this helped me in completing my speech on mathematics week

  • September 14, 2014 at 12:06 pm

    Dr vashishth narayan singh from basantpur,arah,patna ,bihar is the greatest indian mathematician alive.who r the people mentioned after rank5?

  • September 7, 2014 at 9:32 am

    these all 10 mathematicians are very famous especially srinivasa ramanjunam

  • February 1, 2014 at 1:17 pm

    That page was good and it was much helpful for my maths project. That mathematicians are perfect for my maths project.

  • December 29, 2013 at 2:35 pm

    I would like to add in this list two names:
    Dr. Narlikar and Dr. P.c.vaidya. Both contributed lot
    in math.

  • November 21, 2013 at 5:43 pm

    All mathematicians always inspire me. Maths help to create new psychological world.

  • November 9, 2013 at 4:26 am

    thank you so much………this helped me in project……thanks alot

  • November 7, 2013 at 2:59 am

    Contribution of top ten mathematicians is invaluable.

  • October 22, 2013 at 1:44 pm

    and very proud that v r indians hi na . maths is my breathe and these people make me think that maths deserve its fans .greatest subject . many a great indians mathematicians. ramanujam even during his death was working on maths

  • August 28, 2013 at 9:56 am

    This was really helpful for me to do my projects in school as this websitegives the top ten Indian Mathematicians with a small description rather than Hundreds of Mathematicians(like Wikipedia)….


  • August 2, 2013 at 3:27 pm

    The difference between genious and stupidity is that genious has its own limits

    • August 28, 2013 at 10:03 am

      Shakunthala Devi was a child prodigy and was able to do great mathematical calculation in a short time,But she cannot be considered as a mathematician because she has not contributed anything to mathematics… 🙂

  • June 7, 2013 at 11:21 pm

    It is indeed a great pity that the ‘human computer’ Sakuntala Devi has been left out here.

  • June 4, 2013 at 3:07 am

    the perfect history of indian mathematics . i am very proud of mynation

  • April 29, 2013 at 6:28 pm

    really very helpful article.. the contribution of Top 10 Indian mathematicians have been explained very nicely, that too in concise manner.. it really helped me a great deal in preparing my project on Indian Mathematicians.. thanks a lot !

  • June 16, 2012 at 6:44 pm

    I’d suggest the authors of the “PRIMES is in P” paper, Manindra Agrawal, Neeraj Kayal and Nitin Saxena from IIT Kanpur, who won the 2006 Gödel Prize and the 2006 Fulkerson Prize, for this work.

    • June 5, 2013 at 10:04 am

      Sri Lakkoju Sanjeevaraya Sharma
      Renowned Mathematics Genius, who won 13 Gold Medals worldwide, and blind by birth.

      In one Avadhaanam Sanjeevaraya Sharma has given answer to the question “2 to the Power of 103” with in seconds, the resultant number has 32 digits. But he is not a educated person and even He is a blind by birth. He has conducted around 6000 Ganitha avadhaanas across the world.

      Sanjeevaraya Sharma born on 22nd Novemebr 1907 in Kadapa District Kallur village.

      He was Identified as a blind child when he is born ,so People around told just put a “Vadla ginja” in his mouth to kill him, he servived Even after doing that.

      He gain all the knowledge by just listening. In his time there is no Braille system to which helps blind people for reading.He was listening to his sister whenever she reads the lessons taught in School. Without knowing how 1,2,3 digits looks he became Ganitha Brahma.He learned the Voileen also.

      Anibisent,Nehru,Rajendra Prasad and Shakunthala Devi all saw his Avadhanams. Shakunthala Devi agreed that he is talented than her. Once British ViceRoy told If he would have Born in Our Country We could have worshipped him by placing his Idol in the center of the City.

      He is also known as Anka VidyaSagara, Vishwa Sankhya Acharya.

      In his last days he spent his time in the Premises of Kala Hasti Eeshwara Temple by Playing the Voileen. He died on Dec 2nd 1997.

      Through out his life he lived in Poverty.

      He is one among the world’s top most 6 Mathematicians.

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