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Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions

It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times.

1. Aryabhata

Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these planets revolve around the sun. He also stated the correct number of days in a year that is 365. More on Aryabhata.

2. Brahmagupta

The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction of zero(0) to the mathematics which stood for “nothing”. More on Brahmagupta.

3. Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the celebrated Indian mathematicians. His important contributions to the field include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums and products of hypergeometric series.
More on Ramanujan.

4. P.C. Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the founder of Indian Statistical Institute as well as the National Sample Surveys for which he gained international recognition.

5. C.R. Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, popularly known as C R Rao is a well known statistician, famous for his “theory of estimation”.

6. D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kaprekar discovered several results in number theory, including a class of numbers and a constant named after him. Without any formal mathematical education he published extensively and was very well known in recreational mathematics cricle.

7. Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra is famously known for infinite dimensional group representation theory.

8. Satyendranath Bose

Known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.

9. Bhāskara

Bhāskara was the one who declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity. He is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.

10. Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar is known for his Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an highly cited researcher by Institute for Scientific Information.

Write About Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and their Contributions


  1. Something is hidden in everyone.the best examples are what you gave.I am very proud to say about them and my country.

  2. Albert Einstein says:

    This is a very helpful page. The contributions are written in simple english which help me very much.

  3. Rhajabat Patel says:

    Where’s Sal Khan?

  4. Aishwarya Dulange says:

    I also wants to became a mathematicians and am always inspired from those famous Indian mathematicians….Thanks for giving information about those top 10 Indian mathematicians…..????

  5. i hate mathematics but i am interested in know more about these persons.

  6. Mathematics is a cryptic world far beyond our imagination….. But it is actually not impossible to reach these horizons…… S Ramanujan and many other mathematicians has just proved it.. I salute them


    I am also a inventor how like enter my name into list of Indian mathematicians I invented cube roots in division method for which I got the copy right from Indian government

  8. satyendranath bose – i salute him for his contribution .

  9. It’s very useful for my homework

  10. thank you for giving information about the 10 indian mathematician this helped me so much to complete my project work

  11. G.Dhanalakshmi says:

    One of the best mathematician Mr.Ramanujam. I Like Mathe and Ramanujam

  12. shiv shankar Kumar says:

    Ss Kumar says : thanks all Indian mathematicians that from your discovered about mathematics I feel proud that I am Indian. I have to made himself a great mathematicians . I shall spend my whole life & injoy on maths.


  14. Sara Hasan says:

    Vashistha narayan singh
    The forgotten mathematics legend

  15. so cool

  16. from the help of it i can do my homework

  17. Sai pranav says:

    It helped in my summer vacation homework

  18. Rachit Gupta says:

    They helped in my”Holiday Homework”.

  19. wow……… it was amazing and it helped me a lot in completing my homework and i knew more about the contribution of the Indians in the world and also in mathematics and i had a nice time reading this page …

  20. This helped me in my maths project

  21. They are great 😉 🙂 *********

  22. ATUL SHARMA says:

    the world most special gift is “MATHEMATICS”

  23. vishnupriya vishnupriya says:

    so super

  24. subhash says:

    I love all of them and diside I spend my life on MATHEMATICS

  25. sayali hargude says:

    very useful helped me a lot!!!!

  26. i have one doubt who first framed the set of rules for dealing with negative numbers


  28. It help in my homework

  29. ansh singhania says:

    i think that Srinivasa ramanujan is also one of the top most indian mathematician

  30. Impressive work done by the mathematicians .but top is ramanujan

  31. this list is very usefull but add some todays mathmatician

  32. I think this list should be even more perfect when shakuntala devi’s name is added in it . Except this thing the list is perfect

  33. priyaranjan says:

    thanks for giving such better information about indian mathematicians

  34. lekhyareddy says:

    I am very glad to known I was born a land where many mathematicians born.

  35. Ramnik kumar says:


  36. prateeksha guru says:

    where is shakuntala devi

  37. Trilochan Goutam says:

    i am very proud of our ancient mathematician heroes. they inspire us so much to learn and enjoy the subject. my heartiest pranams to all those geniuses…….

  38. Dr. Abhinav Kumar says:

    Where is the great Varahamihira????? this list is meaningless without him!

  39. This helpful me in completing my maths project

  40. Aman Ansari says:

    I think Harish Chandra is also one of the top Indian mathematician.

  41. This is very helpful to me in my project
    Iam proud to be an Indian☺

  42. t.sireesha says:

    I think sakunthaladevi is also one of the top most indian mathematician

  43. t.sireesha says:

    thank u for giving information about the top 10 indian mathematicians

  44. I think this list should be even more perfect when shakuntala devi’s name is added in it . Except this thing the list is perfect .

  45. ramdas.m.hole says:

    Information about maths and mathematicans is great one and their work also praiseful l am pleased for their contribution

  46. Ayashkanta Mishra says:

    I accept that Shakuntala Devi has not Contributed any thing for the betterment of Mathematics but, she is considered as the human computer and her inspiring books will very well build the foundation of many other budding mathematicians!!!!

  47. gud website but more details should be given for bhaskara II
    otherwise a brilliant page

  48. this helped me in completing my speech on mathematics week

  49. i like ramanujan

  50. Dr vashishth narayan singh from basantpur,arah,patna ,bihar is the greatest indian mathematician alive.who r the people mentioned after rank5?

  51. sumaiya adam arora says:

    these all 10 mathematicians are very famous especially srinivasa ramanjunam

  52. Navya Patel says:

    tis website is vry useful 4 making projects……. thanq

  53. It helps in my school activity. Thank You!

  54. this helped me in homework

  55. I like aryabhata

  56. nice but Shakuntla devi is left you must add her also

  57. Abhijeet singh says:

    That page was good and it was much helpful for my maths project. That mathematicians are perfect for my maths project.

  58. I would like to add in this list two names:
    Dr. Narlikar and Dr. P.c.vaidya. Both contributed lot
    in math.

  59. Ashutosh tiwari says:

    All mathematicians always inspire me. Maths help to create new psychological world.

  60. hmhaneefa says:

    thank you so much………this helped me in project……thanks alot

  61. M.shivakumar says:

    Contribution of top ten mathematicians is invaluable.

  62. m sudarsan says:

    and very proud that v r indians hi na . maths is my breathe and these people make me think that maths deserve its fans .greatest subject . many a great indians mathematicians. ramanujam even during his death was working on maths

  63. NIKHIL RAJEEEV says:


  64. well. but keep top 20 mathematicians of India.

  65. Jowhar Shareef says:

    This was really helpful for me to do my projects in school as this websitegives the top ten Indian Mathematicians with a small description rather than Hundreds of Mathematicians(like Wikipedia)….


  66. Harikrishnan.R says:

    The difference between genious and stupidity is that genious has its own limits

  67. Rohan Somai says:

    this is perfect but
    the shakuntala devi is left

  68. S.Indrababu says:

    It is indeed a great pity that the ‘human computer’ Sakuntala Devi has been left out here.

  69. ashutoshteotia says:

    the perfect history of indian mathematics . i am very proud of mynation

  70. this helped me in homework

  71. rushi patel says:

    where’s ramanujan?

  72. Ajay Tulsyan says:

    really very helpful article.. the contribution of Top 10 Indian mathematicians have been explained very nicely, that too in concise manner.. it really helped me a great deal in preparing my project on Indian Mathematicians.. thanks a lot !

  73. Sierra Bravo says:

    I’d suggest the authors of the “PRIMES is in P” paper, Manindra Agrawal, Neeraj Kayal and Nitin Saxena from IIT Kanpur, who won the 2006 Gödel Prize and the 2006 Fulkerson Prize, for this work.

  74. Math grad student says:

    I’d put C.S.Seshadri(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._S._Seshadri) or his frequent collaborator M.S.Narsimhan(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M_S_Narasimhan) above Karmarkar.

    • Sri Lakkoju Sanjeevaraya Sharma
      Renowned Mathematics Genius, who won 13 Gold Medals worldwide, and blind by birth.

      In one Avadhaanam Sanjeevaraya Sharma has given answer to the question “2 to the Power of 103” with in seconds, the resultant number has 32 digits. But he is not a educated person and even He is a blind by birth. He has conducted around 6000 Ganitha avadhaanas across the world.

      Sanjeevaraya Sharma born on 22nd Novemebr 1907 in Kadapa District Kallur village.

      He was Identified as a blind child when he is born ,so People around told just put a “Vadla ginja” in his mouth to kill him, he servived Even after doing that.

      He gain all the knowledge by just listening. In his time there is no Braille system to which helps blind people for reading.He was listening to his sister whenever she reads the lessons taught in School. Without knowing how 1,2,3 digits looks he became Ganitha Brahma.He learned the Voileen also.

      Anibisent,Nehru,Rajendra Prasad and Shakunthala Devi all saw his Avadhanams. Shakunthala Devi agreed that he is talented than her. Once British ViceRoy told If he would have Born in Our Country We could have worshipped him by placing his Idol in the center of the City.

      He is also known as Anka VidyaSagara, Vishwa Sankhya Acharya.

      In his last days he spent his time in the Premises of Kala Hasti Eeshwara Temple by Playing the Voileen. He died on Dec 2nd 1997.

      Through out his life he lived in Poverty.

      He is one among the world’s top most 6 Mathematicians.

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